The total weight of the German team in the event was over 1, pounds kg , and other teams complained that size and momentum, not skill, led to their victory. The Games were attended by 36 countries and more than 1, athletes—a first for a Winter Games. The concerns proved to be unfounded, as the competitions were both exciting and well-attended. The Russian team dominated the figure skating competition, collecting three gold medals and a bronze. Because of time constraints and the limited number of competitors, organizers had decided not to build a bobsled run.
Two new sports, curling and snowboarding , were added to the Winter Olympic program. The German squad was reunited following the fall of the Berlin Wall , and Lithuania , Latvia , and Estonia competed as independent countries for the first time in over 50 years. American ice hockey goalie James Craig, Only 17 countries attended, represented by some athletes, over half of whom were from Canada and the United States. Sixty-seven countries, represented by more than 1, athletes, attended the Games. Another Norwegian, Birger Ruud , made a great impression at Garmisch-Partenkirchen, winning his second gold medal in the ski jump and placing first in the Alpine downhill race, then a demonstration event. Ahn Hyun-soo of South Korea dominated the short-track skating, winning three gold medals and one bronze. Eddie Eagan , a member of the winning American team, became the first athlete to win a gold medal at both the Winter and Summer Games; in he had won the light heavyweight boxing title. He won the 5,metre and 10,metre races by the largest margins in the history of the events. The torch relay began in Morgedahl, Norway, the birthplace of Sondre Nordheim , one of the originators of modern skiing. Chamonix marked the Olympic debut of year-old figure skater Sonja Henie of Norway. Over Swiss and Austrian protests, the IOC ruled that hotel ski instructors were professional athletes and thus ineligible. International politics also dampened the Games. The influence of television on the Games spread even deeper. In the Nordic competition the Scandinavian countries continued to dominate. An Italian television network carried live coverage of the Games—a first in the history of the Winter Olympics. Following the Oslo Games, a weight limit of pounds kg was enforced. Olympic Committee, seeking an injunction against being barred from the Olympics. Although not as politically charged as the Summer Games in Berlin, the event was manipulated by the Nazi regime, which suppressed unfavourable press coverage and staged lavish celebrations to mark the openings of new facilities. Salt Lake City , Utah, U. Moritz , Switzerland, The second Winter Olympics , held at a ski resort, were marred by bad weather. Norwegian Johann Olav Koss thrilled the home crowd with three gold medals in the long-distance skating events, and American Daniel Jansen overcame six years of Olympic frustration by winning the gold medal in the 1,metre race. And Japan, which had previously won only one Winter Games medal, celebrated as its men swept the medals in the normal-hill ski jump. Nordic skiing underwent numerous modifications at Calgary. The singles figure skating competition was reorganized. In order to encourage participation, the IOC agreed to pay the expenses of one male and one female participant from each nation.
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